I. Electronic properties of nanomaterials
I. Electronic properties of nanomaterials. Physics of inorganic nanostructures: Band structure engineering, quantum confinement, quantum wells/wires/dots, electronic states, energy levels and density of states, selected experimental results on characterization (STS, WF mapping, optical spectroscopy) and applications (lasers, single photon sources, single electron transistors). Physics of organic nanosystems: Carbon nanostructures (nanotubes, fullerenes and graphene: band structure, Dirac Points, electronic properties, Raman spectra, electronic transport, Klein tunneling and applications), charge transport in conductive polymers and organic semiconductors.
II_Quantum Hall Effects&Quantum Transport
II. Charge transport and nanoelectronics. Quantum Hall Effect: 2D electron gas (2DEG) in magnetic field, Landau levels, de Haas-van Alphen and Shubnikov-de Haas Effects, integer and fractional quantum Hall effects, Spin Hall Effect. Quantum transport: Transport regimes and mesoscopic quantum transport, Scattering theory of conductance and Landauer-Buttiker formalism, Quantum point contacts, Quantum electronics and selected examples of mesoscopic devices (quantum interference devices). Tunneling: Scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (and wavefunction mapping in nanostructures and molecules), Nanoelectronic devices based on tunneling, Coulomb blockade, Single electron transistors, Kondo effect. Molecular electronics: Donor-Acceptor systems, Nanoscale charge transfer, Electronic properties and transport in molecules and biomolecules; single molecule transistors.
Nanotechnologies for diagnostics and nanomedicine Sensors: Molecular and cellular Biosensors. Transduction methods (thermometric, mechanical/gravimetric, electrical/electrochemical, optical/SPR sensors).
Nanotechnologies for diagnostics and nanomedicine Lab on a chip: Miniaturization, Soft lithographies, microfluidics (Navier-Stokes equations, laminar flow in microchannels, main microfluidic components), Selected applications to chemical microreactors, separation systems and Lab On a Chip.